England’s strategic and local road networks are our most highly valued infrastructure asset, at around £344 billion. The two networks comprise over 187,000 miles of roads. They include more than 61,000 bridges, numerous other features, such as embankments and retaining walls, and drainage systems. This infrastructure supports 90 percent of passenger traffic and 68 percent of freight movements. Maintaining it so that it is safe, serviceable and reliable is vital for the economy and the social well-being of communities. This study examines the planned reductions to road maintenance budgets and the consequences for the network; and the systems and processes needed to achieve value for money on road maintenance.